Top 10 destinations in Armenia
If you decide to visit Armenia and want to make a travel plan, then you should familiarize yourself with the list of the most popular and fascinating places and attractions of the country that will provide you with a bright, impressive and unforgettable vacation!
Top 10 destinations in Armenia
Of course, a trip to Armenia is worth starting from Yerevan, the capital - which is one of the oldest cities in the world. October 12, 2019 Yerevan will celebrate its 2801 anniversary. The capital of Armenia, which has incredibly beautiful architecture, is called the “pink” city, since most of the city’s buildings are built of tuff of pink ocher shades. In Yerevan there are a large number of museums, theaters and concert venues. The city is extremely pleasant and interesting for leisurely walks. No wonder Yerevan is called an open-air museum. On every corner of the city you will find monuments and various works of art. The most interesting places for a pleasant pastime are, undoubtedly, the architectural complex Cascade and Republic Square.
Sevan - a freshwater lake located at an altitude of 1900 m above sea level, is the largest of the lakes of the Caucasus. The mirror area of the lake is 1240 square meters. km and a depth of 80 m. The climate of Sevan is mountainous and severe with long cold winters and cool summers, but with a lot of sunny days. In the summer, both tourists and locals come to rest in Sevan. Along the shore of the lake there are many restaurants and cafes where you can taste dishes from the famous endemic - Sevan trout and no less famous Sevan crayfish. One of Sevan՚s main attractions is Sevanavank Monastery (874), located on a peninsula (formerly an island) in the northwestern part of the lake.
3. Geghard Monastery (Airivank)
Geghard is a monastery complex, as well as a unique architectural structure inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In Geghard (the full name Geghardwank is literally “the monastery of the spear”), a spear of Longinus was kept, which pierced the body of Christ. The tip of the spear was brought to Armenia by the apostle Fadey and until the XIII century. he was kept in Geghard (now located in Etchmiadzin). The monastery was founded in the IV century. in the gorge of the Gokht River, on the site of a sacred spring that still exists. The uniqueness of the structure lies in the fact that part of the temples of the complex are hollowed out in a rock mass and are complex architectural and engineering structures. The cave temple has amazing acoustics - an echo in the church is heard for 40 seconds.
4. The Pagan Temple of Garni
The Hellenistic temple of Garni, the only surviving pagan temple in Armenia, was built in the 1st century AD by the Armenian king Trdat I and was the summer residence of the Armenian kings. Garni is located on a high cliff above the gorge of the Azat River. In the vicinity of the temple there is an excavated palace complex consisting of a temple, a throne room, a front room, a residence and a bathhouse with a mosaic floor and the remains of a water supply.
Tatev Monastery, founded in 906, was one of the most important centers of science and education of medieval Armenia. The monastery impresses with its location - on the edge of the gorge, which offers stunning views of the surroundings. Tatev is part of a large tourist complex, which also includes the hermitage monastery “Tatevskaya Pustyn”, the natural bridge and the cave “Satani Kamurdzh” (“Devil՚s Bridge”), as well as the cableway “Wings of Tatev” connecting the monastery and the village of Halidzor. The cable car was opened in October 2010 and is included in the Guinness Book of Records as “the longest non-stop double-track cable car in the world” (length 5752 m, height 320 m).
6. Etchmiadzin Cathedral
Echmiadzin Cathedral is the main temple of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the throne of the Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of all Armenians. The cathedral is located in Vagharshapat and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The temple was erected in the IV-V centuries AD and is one of the oldest Christian cathedrals in the world.
7. Khor Virap
Khor Virap is an ancient Armenian monastery located in the Ararat valley at the foot of Mount Ararat, where Noah՚s Ark moored after the Flood.
The monastery was built over an underground prison, in which the Armenian king Trdat III imprisoned sv. For 14 years. Gregory the Illuminator.
It offers incredible views of Mount Ararat.
Dilijan is often called “Armenian Switzerland” and, indeed, it is one of the most picturesque and pleasant corners of Armenia. Dilijan is famous for its dense forests, healing mineral springs, lakes and beautiful mountain landscapes. The most interesting places in this direction are the "Dilijan National Park", the lake "Parz Lich" with a zip line over the lake, as well as the medieval monastery of Haghartsin, located in the dense wooded mountains 12 km east of Dilijan.
9. Gyumri (Leninakan, Alexandropol, Kumayri)
Gyumri is the second largest city in the country. Despite the severe damage due to the earthquake in 1988, historical architectural monuments remained in the city - for example, the Marmashen Monastery of the 10th century, the Church of the Holy Savior and the Alexandropol Brewery (1898), where, by the way, you can taste excellent Armenian beer . Visiting Gyumri, you should definitely take a stroll through the historical Kumayri district, which is an open-air museum with more than a thousand buildings built in the 19th-20th centuries.
Tsaghkadzor literally translates as “valley of flowers”. Tsaghkadzor, a city with developed modern infrastructure, is the most popular ski resort in Armenia with all kinds of sports and entertainment services. In addition to sports entertainment, the city also has cultural and historical sights - the house-museum of the Orbeli brothers and Kecharis monastery.
The list does not end there - despite its small territory, Armenia is rich in interesting places and is able to make even the most experienced traveler fall in love with itself. In addition to the listed areas, it is also worth paying attention to “Karahunge” (Armenian Stonehenge - Zorats Karer), the town of Byurakan and the local observatory, Noravank Monastery and the Red Canyon, a suspension bridge in the village of Khndzoresk, the Jermuk resort with mineral springs and much more.