Mozrov and Bears' Caves

​If you are a serious spelunker, this is one of the main destinations for you in Armenia, along with the bat colony at Magili and Armenia’s largest known cave, Bears' or Archeri in Armenian.

​If you are a serious spelunker, this is one of the main destinations for you in Armenia, along with the bat colony at Magili and Armenia’s largest known cave, Archeri. 

Mozrov presents a fair challenge, accessing it necessitates a thirty-meter rappel down the cliff-face, and care needs to be taken on the inside so as not to disturb the priceless stalactites and stalagmites.  The cave is considered one of the best in Europe, with one of the largest collection of stalactites and stalagmites on the continent! The rock formations are saturated in color and striking natural designs. Formed by a process that took tens of thousands of years, the rock patterns occurred when the limestone came into contact with the abundant carbon dioxide present in the underground mineral water springs. These would crack over time, due to the ground movements common to Armenia, and slowly sprout into the cave, dripping steadily and forming the stalactites and stalagmites visible today.

Archeri, or Bears’ Cave, named after the bones of the animals found in the cave, is over three kilometers deep! Descending into its labyrinthine passages with no natural illumination present is a claustrophobic nightmare even with a guide. For those of you brave enough, its sheer expanse and beauty of its cave features are definitely reason enough to explore. Formed by underground streams steadily eroding the rock hundreds of thousands of years ago, it is now a series of enormous caverns linked by narrow passageways that need to be crawled through, with barely enough room for a helmet to squeeze through! The water still dripping from the ceiling has most likely spent hundreds of years filtering through the layers of dense rock above, and the pools it forms are the most still and crystalline clear water you may ever see.​



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