With more than 10,000 caves throughout the country, Armenia lures and can challenge the subterranean explorer. Caves are located in every region of the country, but the most impressive ones are in the south.
The diverse and rich variety of underground voids in Armenia makes it the ideal destination for those who are interested in the fascinating adventure of Caving.
There is almost any kind of cave you seek in Armenia, from man made caves to natural caves, from human inhabited caves to caves with outstanding rock formations – there's something for every history enthusiast or adventure seeker. With more than 10,000 caves throughout the country, Armenia lures and can challenge the subterranean explorer. Caves are located in every region of the country, but the most impressive ones are in the south. Here, nature lovers can camp near natural springs, under the boughs of ancient forests, or below towering rock formations.
Twelve of the caves are on the list of the natural monuments of Armenia and include karst caverns, cave springs and lava tunnels. Some caves present unique and treasurable cultural, historical and archeological values such as the "Magelan" and "Bears" caves, which date back to the pre-Christian period.
Some popular destinations for Caving in Armenia:
- Horizontal karst caverns: Bears, Magelan, Dghdghnatsak, Mozrov, Red, Cyclop’s, Simon zaga, etc.
- Vertical karts caverns: Zrngan, 6 Fairies’ cave, Deep cave, etc.
- Artificial caves of old Goris, old Khndzoresk, Voghjaberd, Geghardadzor, etc.
- Volcanic caves of Sanahin, Haghpat, Vorotan canyon, etc.
- Door stone caves, which are one of a kind in the world.
A caving experience for everyone
The Armenian Speleo Team (AST) offers caving activities with 9 different levels of difficulty, (1, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4A, 4B, 5A, 5B). Therefore no matter the experience or lack thereof, it is easily possible to go on a caving adventure, if the person has no health conditions. With no prior experience in caving it is recommended to start exploring caves of first difficulty level destined towards the caves with no more than a 100 meter depth. It would take 1 to 8 hours to walk through them.
Whereas for an experienced caver the levels 4 and 5 which present several high complexity obstacles such as vertical and steep sections, narrow cracks, icy and water formations (including siphons) would be suitable. Traversing these high complexity caverns would require several weeks where there would be setting up underground camps for the overnight stays.
Depending on the size of the cave, a group consists of a minimum of 4 persons.
TIP: You’ll need a headlamp, special gloves and a pair of good rubber boots and you’ll be set for a journey of guaranteed excitement and an unforgettable adventure!