The rocky mountains, stones, and caves of Armenia are covered with petroglyphs. The drawings on these stones and walls tell of everyday life and traditions of the ancient citizens of the mountainous highlands.
The State of Urartu, Ararat Kingdom
The Armenian people are one of the most ancient peoples of the world. The historical homeland of the Armenian people is the Armenian Highlands. The Armenians themselves call themselves hay, and the country is Hayastan. In the first Millennium BC Assyrian cuneiform mention the state of Urartu, covering the entire vast territory Armenian highlands. The state of Urartu (Ararat Kingdom) has reached a high level of civilization and left behind itself rich cultural heritage. It was at this time that the construction of the fortress of Erebuni (782 BC), one of numerous fortifications of the ancient kingdom, which gave the name of the modern capital of Armenia - Yerevan.
Lands of Great and Lesser Armenia
After Urartu, the Armenian kingdom was created, and in 189 BC an independent state was formed, united the lands of Great and Lesser Armenia. The apogee of its power the Great Armenia reached during the reign of Tigran the Great in the I century. BC. Extensive Empire Stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean, from the Mesopotamia Tigris and the Euphrates to the foothills of the Greater Caucasus. According to the testimony of the Greek geographer-historian Strabo (1st century BC), all the people who inhabited the Armenian Highlands, spoke the same language. The capital of Armenia, Artashat, was compared by the great ancient author Plutarch with Carthage. He wrote about the beauty and glory of this city, which was on the Silk Road and was, in a way, a trading bridge between East and West.