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Ancient Armenia

The rocky mountains, stones, and caves of Armenia are covered with petroglyphs. The drawings on these stones and walls tell of everyday life and traditions of the ancient citizens of the mountainous highlands.

The State of Urartu, Ararat Kingdom

The Armenian people are one of the most ancient peoples of the world. The historical homeland of the Armenian people is the Armenian Highlands. The Armenians themselves call themselves hay, and the country is Hayastan. In the first Millennium BC Assyrian cuneiform mention the state of Urartu, covering the entire vast territory Armenian highlands. The state of Urartu (Ararat Kingdom) has reached a high level of civilization and left behind itself rich cultural heritage. It was at this time that the construction of the fortress of Erebuni (782 BC), one of numerous fortifications of the ancient kingdom, which gave the name of the modern capital of Armenia - Yerevan.


Lands of Great and Lesser Armenia

After Urartu, the Armenian kingdom was created, and in 189 BC an independent state was formed, united the lands of Great and Lesser Armenia. The apogee of its power the Great Armenia reached during the reign of Tigran the Great in the I century. BC.  Extensive Empire Stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean, from the Mesopotamia Tigris and the Euphrates to the foothills of the Greater Caucasus. According to the testimony of the Greek geographer-historian Strabo (1st century BC), all the people who inhabited the Armenian Highlands, spoke the same language. The capital of Armenia, Artashat, was compared by the great ancient author Plutarch with Carthage. He wrote about the beauty and glory of this city, which was on the Silk Road and was, in a way, a trading bridge between East and West.

It is said that the master who built the monastery, at the end of his work, asked to bring him two wood chips. Taking them he prayed to God and said: “ogni Surb ta tev”, which is translated from Armenian as: “May the Holy Spirit send down the wings.” After these words, he jumped into the abyss. In flight, the wings grew behind his back and he flew away, the monastery was named in honor of this miracle – Tatev, that means “give wings.”
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Yerevan

Yerevan

​Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain.

Areni-1 cave

Areni-1 cave

The Areni-1 winery is a 6100-year-old winery that was discovered in 2007 in the Areni-1 cave complex in the village of Areni in the Vayots Dzor province. The Areni-1 shoe was found in the same cave in 2008.

Karahunj Observatory

Karahunj Observatory

Zorats Karer is a prehistoric archaeological site near the town of Sisian. It is known as the Armenian Stonehenge.

Goris

Goris

Goris is an old town of 25,000 characterized by the regionally representative architecture of the houses and its long tree-lined avenues.

Old Khndzoresk

Old Khndzoresk

​The historic cave village, located on the steep slope of a gorge, is comprised of both natural and manmade caves. At the inhabiting community’s height, some estimates suggest that population grew to as many as 15,000 people.

Tatev Monastery

Tatev Monastery

​​Tatev monastery was built during the 9-13th centuries as an Armenian intellectual center where philosophers, musicians, painters, calligraphers, and monks lived. It is sited spectacularly above a sheer canyon wall sith stunning views, and today most visitors arrive by way of the longest cable car in the world.

Yerevan

Yerevan

​Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain.

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