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More than 200 rivers and streams, fed by melting snow and natural mineral springs. Resorts in Armenia – places of rest up in the mountains to escape the heat of the summer, or down in the lower valleys to escape

​Throughout the world, thermal and mineral springs are created as underground reservoirs of water are squeezed by the shifting landmasses, and the rising pressure forces the water to find its way up to the surface. This process is far from instantaneous, and the water has time to dissolve within it a huge variety of minerals. In addition to the pressure, as the cones of the once volcanically active Caucasus died down, their activity did not cease, and continued to heat the underground water, which finds paths through the fissured rock as the heat expands it, and forces it to come spewing out.

Springs bubble up in forests, on mountaintops, in deep gorges and even on the desert plains in little oases. Some of the springs are now just trickling, or have dried up completely as the water reservoirs underground slowly replete; others explode with force from the ground. While many are cool, potable water, filtered through layers of rock and earth for hundreds of years, there are many that are dense with minerals and reach temperatures as high as 65ºC or 149ºF!


​Home to More than 200 Rivers and Streams

Armenia is home to more than 200 rivers and streams.  It is estimated that there are between 20,000 and 40,000 mineral springs in the country!  So while many tourists get the impression from visiting the Ararat Valley that Armenia is a dry country, it could not be farther from the truth. The varied climate around Armenia, and the constantly changing seasons, have pushed locals to create resorts.  This tradition that has carried on throughout the centuries, is now exemplified by the resort towns of Tsakhkadzor, Jermuk, Hankavan, Dilijan and many others around the country.