“If you want to know Armenia, you must come to Gyumri,” is a statement profoundly believed by all citizens of Shirak’s capital town. ere is signi cant devotion and dedication in the Gyumretsis’ love of their city, which went om being one of the country’s most vibrant areas to become one of the most tragic.


Gyumri is the second largest city in Armenia and the capital of the Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country. Being one of the most ancient settlements in Armenia with the history of 3000 years, Gyumri is a significant location to visit and admire. Its name has been changed several times.

It was originally founded as Kumayri, later re-founded as Alexandropol between 1837 and 1924 during the Russian rule, then Leninakan between 1924 and 1990, then as Gyumri. Each name brought a new era of history, a new civilization and new people to the town.​

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​Every sightseeing tour around Gyumri should start from the city’s central and best-known Vardanants Square. 

During the 19th century, this area was filled with buildings, mostly small shops and workshops. The square was constructed in the 1930s, under Soviet rule, based on the original plan of the renowned architect Alexander Tamanyan.

Church of Surb Amenaprkich 

Church of Surb Amenaprkich (St. All Savior’s Church), is located to the south of the square. Constructed between 1858 and 1873, it was designed to resemble the Cathedral of Ani, since the inhabitants of 19th century Gyumri (then called Alexandropol) saw their city as the historical successor to their glorious medieval capital Ani. e church was heavily damaged by the 1988 earthquake and is currently under reconstruction.

Take a Walk Around the City

Starting from Vardanants Square, the historical part of town spreads predominantly to the north and west, occupying the central part of modern-day Gyumri. With more than 1,000 buildings dating back from the second half of the 19th century to the 1920s, the Kumayri Historic District is one of the few places in the country with authentic urban Armenian architecture. Built of black tuff, it features the “Armenian Belle Époque” style of elegant living that symbolized this city of cra smen and merchants.

Kumayri Historic District​

The Kumayri Historic District, which represents the old part of Gyumri, is an open air museum with more than a thousand buildings dating back to the 19th and 20th centuries.

Old Alexandrapol Brewery

Old Alexandrapol Brewery, another one of the city’s landmarks, is frequently visited by beer fans and tourist groups. The first written records about the Alexandrapol Brewery refer to the 7th of May, 1898 when famous brewer Tsaghikyants bought Hotel Grossi and reconstructed it into a brewery.