The Halidzor Berd (Fortress) is a fortified complex located on top of a hill by the Voghji River overlooking Kapan. It was built in the 17th century
Built in the first half of the 17th century, the fortress of Halidzor is located in Syunik Province: on a hill overlooking the Voghji river. The name of the fortress derived from the Hale and Halis settlements, yet it’s also known as the David Bek’s fortress due to his large influence on the history of the fortress.
Originally the structure was constructed as a convent, yet later it served as a fortress for the noble family of Melik Parsadanian. Later, in 18th century well known Armenian military commander David Bek and Mkhitar Sparapet used the fortress as their main headquarters in Syunik in their fight against the Ottoman Empire and the Persians.
David Bek met his end within the walls of the fortress, it’s said that he was buried somewhere near the walls of the fortress. According to that story his tombstone has a single flower carving on its underside. This was done in order for the enemies to be unable to find his tomb as a step to protect his resting body.
The Halidzor fortress is considered to be one of the most astonishing architectural works within Armenia. The inaccessible location and the powerful protection system at its time made the fortress impenetrable for enemies. According to the legend Persian shah found himself so unable to bring the fortress down that he resulted to keeping his 4 horses thirsty for several days. He then let the horses search for water hoping that they would find the clay pipes leading inside the fortress. Once the secret water supplies were cut off by the Persian shah, the troops inside were left weakened.
The walls of the fortress take a quadrangle shape and contain a church and a chapel inside. The remains of the fortress include a terrace from the north to the east and a tower on the southwestern corner of the wall. The fortress has undergone restoration and reconstruction for over 4 years.