Caves of the Ancient World

Ancient Armenia

With more than 10,000 caves in the country, there's a cave for every history enthusiast or adventure seeker in Armenia. Learn about ancient civilizations and experience the thrill of exploring natural formations.

History Lover

Armenian highlands are distinguished with countless ancient cave dwellings, dating far back into the beginning of human settlement history. There have been phenomenal discoveries of ancient civilization in Armenian caves. The evidence that Armenia was inhabited since prehistoric times is scattered throughout the historical and current territory of the country. Extraordinary artifacts and mysterious symbols are hidden in the darkest rooms of the caves waiting to be discovered by curious travelers.

Aside from serving as a shelter to our ancestors, these played an essential role in the history of mankind. Armenian caves are a rich source for extraordinary artifacts that reveal new information time after time not only about Armenian history, but also about the world. 

​Adventure Seeker

​​For avid adventurers and nature lovers, the most spectacular images in Armenia are underground. With more than 10,000 caves throughout the country, Armenia lures and can challenge the subterranean explorer. Caves are located in every region of the country, but the most impressive ones are in the south. Here, nature lovers can camp near natural springs, under the boughs of ancient forests, or below towering rock formations.

The mysterious aura of the caves can’t be transferred through images. Professional cavers will be happy to uncover the rare corners of Armenian history. The mysterious allure combined with the visually stunning views will stick with you long after the visit. 

In the Areni cave complex was found the world’s oldest leather shoe (5,500 years old), and the oldest wine making facility (6,100 years old), and even a well preserved human brain.​There is almost any kind of cave you seek in Armenia, from man-made to natural caves, from human inhabited caves to caves with outstanding rock formations – there's something for every history enthusiast or adventure seeker.​​