Museums and galleries of Armenia
An integral part of every country is its history and culture, which can be found through museums and galleries. And, such an ancient country as Armenia is no exception.
The country's main gallery is the National Gallery of Armenia, founded in 1921. The director of the establishment was Martiros Saryan, an Armenian and Soviet landscape painter.
The collection of historical Armenian art is the largest in the world. The collections of works by Hakob Hovnatanyan, Hovhannes Aivazovsky, Gevorg Bashinjaghyan, Panos Terlemezyan, Vardges Surenyants, Vartan Makhokyan, Martiros Saryan, Hakob Kozhoyan, Hakob Gyurjyan, Edgar Chakhin, Grigor Hayvetyan and Mines are especially strong.
A special force in the field of art belongs to the Armenians of the Diaspora, and it includes the works of Zakar Zakaryan (Paris), Edgar Shahin (Paris), Hovsep Pushman (New York), Jean Karzu (Paris), Jean Zhansem (Paris), Zhirayr Orakyan (Rome ) and Paul Kiragosyan (Beirut).
Russian art is also widely represented in the NPGA collection. These include religious icons and images of the XVI-XVII centuries, as well as the works of famous Russian artists of the XVIII-XX centuries, including F. Rokotov, I. Argunov, F. Shubin, Repin, Serov, Mashkov, Konenkov, Petrov-Vodkin, Kandinsky, Goncharov, Marc Chagall and others.
In the central building of the Republic Square is located one of the main museums of the country - the National Historical Museum of Armenia, which is also a research center for the history and culture of Armenia.
The museum was founded and opened for visits in 1921. The museum’s expositions are based on the collections of the Armenian Ethnographic Society, the Nakhichevan Museum of Armenian Antiquities, the Ani Museum and the Etchmiadzin Matenadaran. The museum’s collection includes a collection of 400,000 artifacts and unique examples of national heritage, distributed in such sections as archeology, ethnography, numismatics. The museum also presents objects of material culture discovered in the territory of Armenia and relating to periods from the Stone Age to the end of the 19th century. More information about the museum can be found here.
The name of the museum "Matenadaran" in translation means "repository of manuscripts."
Mesrop Mashtots Matenadaran contains one of the most valuable collections of medieval manuscripts in the world, containing rare manuscripts not only in Armenian, but also in Persian, Arabic, Hebrew, Japanese and Russian.
Manuscript books have a variety of content - from the fields of medicine, literature, history, art, philosophy, etc. Since 1997, Matenadaran has been included in the international program of UNESCO “The World Book of Memory”.
To date, about 17,000 manuscripts have been collected in Matenadaran. In addition to documents in Armenian.
The treasury museum of St. Etchmiadzin was founded in 1955 at the expense of the family of Alec and Mari Manukyan.
The museum presents unique holy relics, and one of the most famous treasures is St. Geghard, which means Holy Lance, with which Christ was pierced. The relics of Noah's Ark are also stored here. On the territory of the museum you can find many ancient valuable things that were found during archaeological excavations.
Unique treasures are also stored in the treasury - clothes of different times, decorated with jewels and embroidered with gold, as well as staves, crowns, furniture, ancient coins and numerous ritual objects.
One of the most important places in Armenia is the Museum of the Armenian Genocide, the first genocide of the 20th century. The Armenian Genocide Museum was founded in 1995.
The museum is located next to the Memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide of 1915, built to perpetuate the memory of the fallen during the massacre of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and in neighboring regions during 1915-1923. (the darkest page in the history of the Armenian people).
Armenian genocide occurred before the introduction of the term genocide. Rafael Lemkin coined the term "genocide" in 1943, taking into account the fate of the Armenians; He later explained that: "This happened many times ... First it happened to the Armenians, then Hitler started to act." In August 1939, Hitler justified his plan to destroy Poland and create a new order, asking the question: “Who now remembers the extermination of the Armenians? This rhetorical question has become ominous. ”
On the day of remembrance of the victims (April 24), all residents of the country gather at the Memorial to the victims of genocide. By tradition, a visit to this building is part of the events that official delegations from different countries arrived in Armenia. The museum has already been visited by Pope John Paul II, Presidents of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin, V. Putin and D. Medvedev, French President J. Chirac, as well as other well-known public and political figures. The museum consists of several exhibition halls, which collected unique frames and fragments of evidence of one of the most terrible crimes of the 20th century.